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What is a 4-panel health test for Frenchies?

The health and temperament of your new puppy is of upmost importance to us at Fluffy Frenchie Puppy.  If you are purchasing a puppy from a breeder and they cannot provide you with details of the parent’s basic four-panel tests, you might want to swipe left.  We provide assurance and peace of mind when purchasing a puppy or semen from us.  Your best interest is our best interest. 

In general, the “classic” French Bulldog DNA Health Panel is usually referring to the following four tests: DM, HUU, JHC and CMR1. This is considered the BASIC entry-level test and while your puppy doesn’t need to be clear of all copies of these genes, you don’t want to have two copies of the same disease.

Canine Multifocal 3Retinopathy 1 (CMR1)

Canine multifocal retinopathy 1 is an inherited eye disease characterized by areas of retinal detachment. Affected dogs typically present with multiple, discrete circular areas of retinal detachment between 11 and 16 weeks of age. Fluid accumulates under the detached retina resulting in gray, tan, orange, or pink “blisters” in the eye. Progression of retinal changes is slow, ceases for 1 year, and does not lead to blindness.

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative myelopathy (DM) is an inherited neurologic disorder of dogs characterized by gradual muscle wasting and loss of coordination typically beginning in the hind limbs.  Affected dogs usually present clinical signs of disease in adulthood (at least 8 years of age) with gradual muscle wasting and loss of coordination typically beginning in the hind limbs. Disease progression continues until the dog is unable to walk. Small breed dogs tend to progress more slowly. In the late stages of the disease, dogs may become incontinent, and their forelimbs may be affected. Affected dogs may fully lose the ability to walk 6 months to 2 years after the onset of signs.

Hyperuricosuria (HUU)

Hyperuricosuria is an inherited disorder characterized by elevated levels of uric acid in the urine that can lead to the formation of bladder/kidney stones.

Juvenile Hereditary Cataract (JHC)

Juvenile hereditary cataracts are an inherited form of cataracts that commonly cause blindness in dogs by clouding the lens of the eye and affecting both eyes symmetrically.  Juvenile hereditary cataract (JHC) affects both eyes symmetrically and has early onset, with cataract formation starting before 1 year of age and progressing to maturity and blindness by 2-3 years of age.